FDA Approves Qinlock (ripretinib) for the Treatment of Fourth-Line Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor
WALTHAM, Mass.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--May 15, 2020 -- Deciphera Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ:DCPH) today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Qinlock™ (ripretinib) for the treatment of adult patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) who have received prior treatment with 3 or more kinase inhibitors, including imatinib. The FDA previously granted Breakthrough Therapy and Fast Track designations as well as Priority Review for Qinlock and reviewed the New Drug Application (NDA) under the Real-Time Oncology Review (RTOR) pilot program. The Qinlock NDA is also part of Project Orbis, an initiative of the FDA Oncology Center of Excellence that provides a framework for concurrent submission and review of oncology drugs among participating international health authorities. Qinlock targets the broad spectrum of KIT and PDGFRα mutations known to drive GIST.
"Today’s approval of Qinlock establishes a new standard of care for patients who have received three prior therapies,” said Margaret von Mehren, MD, Chief of Sarcoma Oncology and Associate Director for Clinical Research, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. “GIST is a complex disease and the majority of patients who initially respond to traditional tyrosine kinase inhibitors eventually develop tumor progression due to secondary mutations. In the INVICTUS study, Qinlock has demonstrated compelling clinical benefit in progression-free and overall survival. Qinlock is well tolerated and is a crucial new therapy for these patients with a high unmet need.”
"The FDA approval of Qinlock is an exciting milestone for people with GIST who have been waiting for a new treatment option designed specifically for their disease,” said Steve Hoerter, President and Chief Executive Officer of Deciphera. “I would like to thank the patients, their families and caregivers, and the healthcare professionals who made the Qinlock clinical studies possible. With their contributions and the dedication of the team at Deciphera, we are delivering on our promise to provide important new medicines for the treatment of cancer.”
The FDA approval was based on efficacy results from the pivotal Phase 3 INVICTUS study of Qinlock in patients with advanced GIST as well as combined safety results from INVICTUS and the Phase 1 study of Qinlock. In INVICTUS, Qinlock demonstrated a median progression-free survival of 6.3 months compared to 1.0 month in the placebo arm and significantly reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 85% (hazard ratio of 0.15, p<0.0001). In addition, Qinlock demonstrated a median overall survival of 15.1 months compared to 6.6 months in the placebo arm and reduced the risk of death by 64% (hazard ratio of 0.36).
The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) were alopecia, fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation, myalgia, diarrhea, decreased appetite, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome (PPES), and vomiting. Adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation occurred in 8% of patients, dosage interruptions due to an adverse reaction occurred in 24% of patients and dose reductions due to an adverse reaction occurred in 7% of patients who received Qinlock.
Deciphera Pharmaceuticals plans to make Qinlock commercially available in the U.S. next week.
Deciphera is committed to supporting GIST patients and removing barriers to access. As part of that commitment, Deciphera has established Deciphera AccessPoint, a patient support program that provides reimbursement and financial assistance programs for eligible patients. For more information, visit DecipheraAccessPoint.com or call 1-833-4DACCES (1-833-432-2237), Monday-Friday, 8:00 AM to 8:00 PM Eastern Time (ET).
About the INVICTUS Phase 3 Study
INVICTUS is a Phase 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, international, multicenter clinical study evaluating the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of Qinlock compared to placebo in patients with advanced GIST whose previous therapies have included imatinib, sunitinib, and regorafenib. Patients were randomized 2:1 to either 150 mg of Qinlock or placebo once daily. The primary efficacy endpoint is progression-free survival (PFS) as determined by independent radiologic review using modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). The median PFS in the study was 6.3 months compared to 1.0 month in the placebo arm and significantly reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 85% (hazard ratio of 0.15, p<0.0001). Secondary endpoints as determined by independent radiologic review using modified RECIST include Objective Response Rate (ORR) and Overall Survival (OS). Qinlock demonstrated an ORR of 9.4% compared with 0% for placebo (p =0.0504). Qinlock also demonstrated a median OS of 15.1 months compared to 6.6 months in the placebo arm and reduced the risk of death by 64% (hazard ratio of 0.36).
About Qinlock (ripretinib)
Indications and Usage
Qinlock (ripretinib) is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of adult patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) who have received prior treatment with 3 or more kinase inhibitors, including imatinib. For more information visit QINLOCK.com.
Important Safety Information
There are no contraindications for Qinlock.
Palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome (PPES): In INVICTUS, Grade 1-2 PPES occurred in 21% of the 85 patients who received Qinlock. PPES led to dose discontinuation in 1.2% of patients, dose interruption in 2.4% of patients, and dose reduction in 1.2% of patients. Based on severity, withhold Qinlock and then resume at same or reduced dose.
New Primary Cutaneous Malignancies: In INVICTUS, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cuSCC) occurred in 4.7% of the 85 patients who received Qinlock with a median time to event of 4.6 months (range 3.8 to 6 months). In the pooled safety population, cuSCC and keratoacanthoma occurred in 7% and 1.9% of 351 patients, respectively. In INVICTUS, melanoma occurred in 2.4% of the 85 patients who received Qinlock. In the pooled safety population, melanoma occurred in 0.9% of 351 patients. Perform dermatologic evaluations when initiating Qinlock and routinely during treatment. Manage suspicious skin lesions with excision and dermatopathologic evaluation. Continue Qinlock at the same dose.
Hypertension: In INVICTUS, Grade 1-3 hypertension occurred in 14% of the 85 patients who received Qinlock, including Grade 3 hypertension in 7% of patients. Do not initiate Qinlock in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. Monitor blood pressure as clinically indicated. Based on severity, withhold Qinlock and then resume at same or reduced dose or permanently discontinue.
Cardiac Dysfunction: In INVICTUS, cardiac failure occurred in 1.2% of the 85 patients who received Qinlock. In the pooled safety population, cardiac dysfunction (including cardiac failure, acute left ventricular failure, diastolic dysfunction, and ventricular hypertrophy) occurred in 1.7% of 351 patients, including Grade 3 adverse reactions in 1.1% of patients.
In INVICTUS, Grade 3 decreased ejection fraction occurred in 2.6% of the 77 patients who received Qinlock and who had a baseline and at least one post-baseline echocardiogram. Grade 3 decreased ejection fraction occurred in 3.4% of the 263 patients in the pooled safety population who received Qinlock and who had a baseline and at least one post-baseline echocardiogram.
In INVICTUS, cardiac dysfunction led to dose discontinuation in 1.2% of the 85 patients who received Qinlock. The safety of Qinlock has not been assessed in patients with a baseline ejection fraction below 50%. Assess ejection fraction by echocardiogram or MUGA scan prior to initiating Qinlock and during treatment, as clinically indicated. Permanently discontinue Qinlock for Grade 3 or 4 left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
Risk of Impaired Wound Healing: Qinlock has the potential to adversely affect wound healing. Withhold Qinlock for at least 1 week prior to elective surgery. Do not administer for at least 2 weeks following major surgery and until adequate wound healing. The safety of resumption of Qinlock after resolution of wound healing complications has not been established.
Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Qinlock can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential and males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for at least 1week after the final dose. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in the breastfed child, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment and for at least 1 week after the final dose. Qinlock may impair fertility in males of reproductive potential.
Adverse Reactions: The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) were alopecia, fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation, myalgia, diarrhea, decreased appetite, PPES, and vomiting. The most common Grade 3 or 4 laboratory abnormalities (≥4%) were increased lipase and decreased phosphate.
The safety and effectiveness of Qinlock in pediatric patients have not been established.
Administer strong CYP3A inhibitors with caution. Monitor patients who are administered strong CYP3A inhibitors more frequently for adverse reactions. Avoid concomitant use with strong CYP3A inducers.
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Deciphera Pharmaceuticals, LLC, at 1-888-724-3274 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a cancer affecting the digestive tract or nearby structures within the abdomen, most often presenting in the stomach or small intestine. GIST is the most common sarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract, with approximately 4,000 to 6,000 new GIST cases each year in the United States and a similar incidence rate in European and other countries. Most cases of GIST are driven by a spectrum of mutations. The most common primary mutations are in KIT kinase, representing approximately 80% of cases, or in PDGFRα kinase, representing approximately 6% of cases. Current therapies are unable to inhibit the full spectrum of primary and secondary mutations, which drives resistance and disease progression. Estimates for 5-year survival range from 48% to 90%, depending on the stage of the disease at diagnosis. (Article from : www.drugs.com)