Blueprint Medicines Announces Top-line Data for Pralsetinib and Initiates Rolling NDA Submission to FDA for the Treatment of Patients with RET Fusion-Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Jan. 8, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Blueprint Medicines Corporation (NASDAQ: BPMC), a precision therapy company focused on genomically defined cancers, rare diseases and cancer immunotherapy, today announced independent centrally reviewed top-line data for pralsetinib in patients with RET fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The data from the ongoing Phase 1/2 ARROW clinical trial of pralsetinib showed a 61 percent objective response rate (ORR) and prolonged durability, with a median duration of response (DOR) not reached, in patients with RET fusion-positive NSCLC previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. Designed by Blueprint Medicines, pralsetinib is a potent and highly selective once-daily oral inhibitor of RET fusions and mutations, including predicted resistance mutations.
In addition, Blueprint Medicines announced it has initiated the submission of a rolling New Drug Application (NDA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for pralsetinib for the treatment of patients with RET fusion-positive NSCLC. The company expects to complete the NDA submission in the first quarter of 2020. Blueprint Medicines also plans to submit an NDA to the FDA for pralsetinib for the treatment of patients with medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) previously treated with an approved multi-kinase inhibitor in the second quarter of 2020.
"As the clinical data for pralsetinib have matured, with deep and durable responses along with robust evidence of activity against brain metastases, our confidence has continued to grow in the potential of pralsetinib to provide lasting benefit to a broad population of patients with RET fusion-positive NSCLC, including those with newly diagnosed unresectable or metastatic disease," said Andy Boral, M.D., Ph.D., Chief Medical Officer of Blueprint Medicines. "Now, with strong, centrally reviewed top-line data, we feel a profound sense of urgency and have taken the first step toward making pralsetinib broadly available to patients by initiating a rolling NDA submission to the FDA."
Top-line Data from Phase 1/2 ARROW Trial in RET Fusion-Positive NSCLC
Results from the Phase 1/2 ARROW clinical trial of pralsetinib will be used to support the NDA submission for pralsetinib for the treatment of patients with RET fusion-positive NSCLC. The registration endpoints are ORR and DOR based on independent central radiology and Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) criteria.
Top-line efficacy data were reported for patients treated with pralsetinib who were evaluable for response assessment per RECIST 1.1, as determined by blinded independent central review. All patients received the proposed indicated dose of 400 mg once daily (QD).
In 80 patients with RET fusion-positive NSCLC previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy, the ORR was 61 percent (95% CI: 50-72%) per independent central review (two responses pending confirmation) as of a data cutoff date of November 18, 2019. Overall, 95 percent of patients had tumor shrinkage, including 14 percent of patients with complete regression of target tumors. The median DOR was not reached (95% CI: 11.3 months, not estimable).
In 26 patients with treatment-naïve RET fusion-positive NSCLC, the ORR was 73 percent (95% CI: 52-88%) per independent central review (all responses confirmed), with 12 percent of patients achieving a complete response. All patients had tumor shrinkage.
Top-line safety data were consistent with those previously reported. Pralsetinib was well-tolerated, and most adverse events (AEs) were Grade 1 or 2. Across all patients enrolled in the ARROW trial treated with the proposed indicated dose of 400 mg QD (N=354), only four percent of patients discontinued treatment with pralsetinib due to treatment-related AEs.
Blueprint Medicines plans to present the full registration dataset at a scientific meeting later this year.
Planned Phase 3 AcceleRET Lung Trial in Treatment-Naïve RET Fusion NSCLC
In addition, Blueprint Medicines plans to initiate the first clinical trial site for its Phase 3 AcceleRET Lung clinical trial in January 2020. The primary objective of the AcceleRET trial is to evaluate the potential of pralsetinib to extend progression free survival (PFS) compared to platinum-based chemotherapy with or without pembrolizumab in patients with first-line RET fusion-positive NSCLC.
The global, randomized AcceleRET trial will enroll approximately 250 patients with advanced or metastatic RET fusion-positive NSCLC who have received no prior systemic therapy for metastatic disease. Participants will be randomized to receive either pralsetinib or the investigator's choice of platinum-based chemotherapy regimen with or without pembrolizumab. The trial's primary endpoint is PFS and secondary endpoints include overall survival, ORR and DOR. Patients may receive local testing to identify a RET fusion. In addition, patients randomized to the control arm may crossover upon progression to receive pralsetinib. Multiple trial sites are planned in North America, Europe and Asia.
About RET-Altered Solid Tumors
RET activating fusions and mutations are key disease drivers in many cancer types, including NSCLC and MTC. RET fusions are implicated in approximately 1 to 2 percent of patients with NSCLC and approximately 10 to 20 percent of patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), while RET mutations are implicated in approximately 90 percent of patients with advanced MTC. In addition, oncogenic RET alterations are observed at low frequencies in colorectal, breast, pancreatic and other cancers, and RET fusions have been observed in patients with treatment-resistant, EGFR-mutant NSCLC.
Currently, there are no approved therapies that selectively target RET-driven cancers, although there are several approved multi-kinase inhibitors (MKIs) with RET activity being evaluated in clinical trials. To date, clinical activity attributable to RET inhibition has been uncertain for these approved MKIs, likely due to insufficient inhibition of RET and off-target toxicities. There is a need for precision therapies that provide durable clinical benefit by selectively targeting RET alterations and anticipated resistance mutations.
Pralsetinib is an investigational, once-daily oral precision therapy specifically designed for highly potent and selective targeting of oncogenic RET alterations. Blueprint Medicines is developing pralsetinib for the treatment of patients with RET-altered NSCLC, MTC and other solid tumors. The FDA has granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to pralsetinib for the treatment of RET-fusion positive NSCLC that has progressed following platinum-based chemotherapy, and RET-mutant MTC that requires systemic treatment and for which there are no acceptable alternative treatments.
Pralsetinib was designed by Blueprint Medicines' research team, leveraging the company's proprietary compound library. In preclinical studies, pralsetinib consistently demonstrated sub-nanomolar potency against the most common RET fusions, activating mutations and predicted resistance mutations. In addition, pralsetinib demonstrated markedly improved selectivity for RET compared to pharmacologically relevant kinases, including approximately 90-fold improved potency for RET versus VEGFR2. By suppressing primary and secondary mutants, pralsetinib has the potential to overcome and prevent the emergence of clinical resistance. Blueprint Medicines believes this approach will enable durable clinical responses across a diverse range of RET alterations, with a favorable safety profile.
Blueprint Medicines has an exclusive collaboration and license agreement with CStone Pharmaceuticals for the development and commercialization of pralsetinib, avapritinib and fisogatinib in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Blueprint Medicines retains development and commercial rights for all three drug candidates in the rest of the world. (Article from : www.drugs.com)