FDA Approves Ryplazim (plasminogen, human-tvmh) for the Treatment of Plasminogen Deficiency Type 1
LAVAL, QC and CAMBRIDGE, England, June 4, 2021 /CNW Telbec/ - Liminal BioSciences Inc. (Nasdaq: LMNL) ("Liminal BioSciences" or the "Company") announced today that the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Ryplazim (plasminogen, human-tvmh) for the treatment of patients with plasminogen deficiency type 1 (hypoplasminogenia) through its subsidiary, Prometic Biotherapeutics Inc., holder of the biological license application ("BLA") for Ryplazim. With this approval, Ryplazim becomes the first FDA approved therapy for this rare genetic disorder.
The efficacy of Ryplazim in pediatric and adult patients with plasminogen deficiency type 1 was evaluated in a single-arm, open-label clinical trial. A total of 15 patients who had a baseline plasminogen activity level between <5% and 45% of normal were enrolled. All patients received Ryplazim at a dose of 6.6 mg/kg administered every two to four days for 48 weeks to achieve at least an increase of individual trough plasminogen activity by an absolute 10% above baseline and to treat the clinical manifestations of the disease. Ryplazim was well tolerated in the clinical study (See Important Safety Information).
Efficacy was established on the basis of overall rate of clinical success at 48 weeks defined as 50% of patients with visible or other measurable non-visible lesions achieving at least 50% improvement in lesion number/size, or functionality impact from baseline. All patients with any lesion at baseline showed at least 50% improvement in the number or size of their lesions.
"Receiving our first drug approval is a major milestone for Liminal and for the patients, caregivers, and physicians who have been with us every step of the way in this important research effort. We are very pleased that Ryplazim will be available to US patients suffering from congenital plasminogen deficiency," said Bruce Pritchard, the CEO of Liminal BioSciences. "The receipt of a Rare Pediatric Disease Priority Review Voucher (PRV) also has the potential to provide Liminal with non-dilutive cash to support our ongoing efforts to advance and expand our small molecule R&D strategy".
"This approval gives patients and families who live with plasminogen type 1 deficiency a new option to try to manage symptoms," stated Mr. Patrick Sartore, President of Liminal BioSciences. "This FDA approval marks an important turning point, providing a first and much-needed therapy for patients with this rare genetic disease."
In all patients with plasminogen deficiency, plasma plasminogen levels are markedly reduced. Plasminogen is a naturally occurring protein that is synthesized by the liver and circulates in the blood. Activated plasminogen, known as plasmin, is an enzymatic component of the fibrinolytic system and the main enzyme involved in the lysis of clots and clearance of extravasated fibrin.
As part of the sale of Liminal BioSciences' plasma collection centers operated in Winnipeg, Manitoba and Amherst, New York in May 2021, Liminal BioSciences entered into an option agreement with Kedrion S.p.A. (Kedrion) pursuant to which Kedrion has the right to acquire the remainder of Liminal BioSciences' plasma-derived therapeutics' business, including the Ryplazim business, for an exercise price of US$5 million and would entitle Liminal BioSciences to receive up to 70% of the net proceeds which may be received from the sale of a PRV.
Ryplazim was previously granted Orphan Drug and Rare Pediatric Disease Designations by the FDA for the treatment of congenital plasminogen deficiency. With this approval, the FDA issued a PRV to Liminal BioSciences Inc., through its subsidiary Prometic Biotherapeutics Inc., holder of the BLA. The PRV can be redeemed to receive priority review for any subsequent marketing application or sold or transferred to other companies for their programs.
Important Safety Information – Ryplazim, plasminogen, human-tvmh.
Warnings and Precautions
- Bleeding: Ryplazim administration may lead to bleeding at lesion sites or worsen active bleeding. Discontinue Ryplazim if serious bleeding occurs. Monitor patients during and for 4 hours after infusion when administering Ryplazim to patients with bleeding diatheses and patients taking anticoagulants, antiplatelet drugs, and other agents which may interfere with normal coagulation.
- Tissue Sloughing: Respiratory distress due to tissue sloughing may occur in patients with mucosal lesions in the tracheobronchial tree following Ryplazim administration. Please monitor appropriately.
- Transmission of Infectious Agents: Ryplazim is made from human blood and therefore carries a risk of transmitting infectious agents, e.g., viruses, the variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) agent, and theoretically, the Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) agent.
- Hypersensitivity Reactions: Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, may occur with Ryplazim. If symptoms occur, discontinue Ryplazim and administer appropriate treatment.
- Neutralizing Antibodies: Neutralizing antibodies (inhibitors) may develop, although were not observed in clinical trials. If clinical efficacy is not maintained (e.g., development of new or recurrent lesions), then determine plasminogen activity levels in plasma.
- Laboratory Abnormalities: Patients receiving Ryplazim may have elevated blood levels of D-dimer. D-Dimer levels will lack interpretability in patients being screened for venous thromboembolism (VTE).
The most frequent (incidence ≥ 10%) adverse reactions in clinical trials were abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, fatigue, extremity pain, hemorrhage, constipation, dry mouth, headache, dizziness, arthralgia, and back pain.
Patient Counseling Information
- Advise patients and/or caregiver to read the FDA-approved patient labeling
- Counsel patients and/or caregiver to discontinue Ryplazim and immediately contact their physicians if signs or symptoms of a possible hypersensitivity reaction occur, such as hives, generalized urticaria, angioedema, chest tightness, wheezing, tachycardia, and hypotension
- Inform patients that bleeding from active mucosal disease-related lesions and worsening of active bleeding not related to those lesions during Ryplazim therapy may occur. Depending on the lesion sites, this may manifest as gastrointestinal bleeding, hemoptysis, epistaxis, vaginal bleeding, or hematuria. Prior to initiation of treatment with Ryplazim, lesions or wounds suspected as the source of recent bleeding events should be confirmed to have healed. Ryplazim may prolong or worsen bleeding in patients with bleeding diatheses and/or taking anticoagulants or antiplatelet drugs. If a patient develops serious bleeding, seek emergency care and discontinue Ryplazim immediately.
- Inform patients that tissue sloughing at mucosal sites may occur at initiation of Ryplazim therapy as lesions resolve. Patients with respiratory lesion are at risk for respiratory compromise and initial treatment with Ryplazim should be performed in a clinical setting with close monitoring. Patients with lesions in gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems may experience tissue sloughing that may cause pain, mucosal bleeding, or passage of tissue referable to those organ systems. Patients should report persistent abdominal, flank or pelvic pain to their physicians if not resolved.
- Inform patients and/or caregiver that Ryplazim is made from human plasma and may contain infectious agents that can cause disease (eg, viruses, the variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease [vCJD] agent and, theoretically the CJD agent). Explain that the risk that Ryplazim may transmit an infectious agent has been reduced by screening the plasma donors, by testing donated plasma for certain virus infections, and by inactivating or removing certain viruses during manufacturing. Counsel patients and/or caregiver to report any symptoms that concern them.
- Advise patients and/or caregivers that antibodies may develop during treatment that make Ryplazim less effective.
- Advise female patients who are pregnant or may become pregnant that the potential effects of Ryplazim on pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. They should notify their physicians if they become or intend to become pregnant, or if they plan to breastfeed.
- Self-administration: ensure patient/caregiver has received detailed instructions and training and has shown the ability to safely and independently administer Ryplazim.
About Liminal BioSciences Inc.
Liminal BioSciences is a biopharmaceutical company focused on discovering, developing and commercializing novel treatments for patients suffering from diseases of unmet medical need, primarily related to fibrosis, including respiratory, liver and kidney diseases. In December 2020, Liminal BioSciences' lead small molecule product candidate, fezagepras (PBI-4050), entered a Phase 1 clinical trial in in the UK to evaluate multiple-ascending doses in normal healthy volunteers, at daily dose exposures higher than those evaluated in our previously completed Phase 2 clinical trials. Following initial review of the interim Phase 1 study data, the Company has decided to stop its plans to move fezagepras into a Phase 2 clinical study in IPF and a phase 1a/2b study in Hypertriglyceridemia, as it evaluates the impact of the PK data profile observed in the on-going study.
The Company's plasma-derived therapeutics business, including the Ryplazim (Plasminogen) ("Ryplazim") business is operated through its subsidiaries, Prometic Bioproduction Inc., the Company's plasma-derived therapeutics manufacturing facility, and Prometic Biotherapeutics Inc., holder of the biological license application ("BLA") for Ryplazim.
Liminal BioSciences has active business operations in Canada and the United Kingdom.
SOURCE Liminal BioSciences Inc.